Socio-economic development and fertility decline in Turkey

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Publisher: United Nations in New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 162 Downloads: 852
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Edition Notes

At head of title, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs.

Statementprepared for the Project on Socio-Economic Development and Fertility Decline (by Melek Duzgunes ... (et al).
ContributionsDuzgunes, Melek., United Nations. Population Division., Project on Socio-Economic Development and Fertility Decline.
The Physical Object
Number of Pages162
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20731400M

The book is organized into three sections: the first (Chapters 1–4) gives an overview of human population and soil degradation, plantation agriculture, and soil fertility decline; the second (Chapters 5–10) discusses soil fertility trends in annual crops and various plantation systems, with detailed case studies of sugarcane in Papua New. development for Middle Eastern women, its contribution to the erosion of the patriarchal family, and the impasse faced by women in the context of economic failures and political crisis. II. Women, Development, Islam: Issues, Debates, Propositions The status of women and the process of socio-economic developmentCited by: 8. sort of long-run decline as their per capita incomes and standard of living rose.6 Since the s, the total fertility rates of almost all developed countries have converged to total fertility rates just below rates at which a country's population would be replaced by Size: 4MB. The results indicate that fertility has continued to decline. Census fertility data suggest an estimated 2,67 total fertility rate (TFR) in South Africa. The results also point to the variation in fertility by population group and province. The level of fertility of the black.

Education, Externalities, Fertility, and Economic Growth Martin Weale Education yields externalities that appear stronger in macroeco-nomic data than in household-level studies. Simulations show that there is a small growth externality as well as a fertility externality which is influenced by the rate of return to education. With increased access to education, economic and other development opportunities, fertility decline is a natural demographic phenomenon. Women’s . Five Year Socioeconomic Development Plan’’ (–), which aimed to further reduce the population growth rate to % per year and the TFR to by (Ministry of Health and Medical Education, UNFPA, ). Strategies to reduce fertility Fertility reduction in Iran was unique in the speed of its decline. Several key. fertility levels. Another dimension of the concern over fertility levels hinges on the fact that these countries saw fertility and mortality rates decline over a much shorter time period than in Western countries. Between and alone, total fertility rates more than halved, dropping from to (Westley, ; Chan and Yeoh, ).File Size: KB.

  China’s total fertility rate fell below replacement level in the s. From the s the fertility rate declined dramatically, mainly as a consequence of the national population policy whose aim has been to limit birth numbers, control population growth and Cited by: It provides a general comparative overview of transition in the region in which the link between socio-economic development and declining fertility is explored. There are sections on the process through which the transition occurs, social determinants of fertility change, and the consequences of fertility decline. Downloadable! In this study we examine the association between parents’ socioeconomic status (SES) and childhood health in Turkey, a middle income, developing country using the round of Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data set. In our investigation, we focus on children from 7 to 59 months old and as a measure of health status, we use the height-for-age z-score, which is Author: Deniz Karaoğlan, Dürdane Şirin Saraçoğlu. Figure 1 - Fertility trends in Egypt, Morocco and Turkey, Years Total Fertility Rate Egypt Morocco Turkey Source: United Nations, The connection between socio-economic development and fertility decline has been examined extensively in the demographic literature.

Socio-economic development and fertility decline in Turkey Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Socio-economic development and fertility decline in Turkey: background paper prepared for the project on socio-economic development and fertility decline. [Melek Düzgüneş; United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs.

Population Division.; Devlet İstatistik Enstitüsü (Turkey)]. The Pakistan Development Review 4 Part II (Winter ) pp. – Socio-economic Development, Population Policies, and Fertility Decline in Muslim Countries MEHTAB S.

KARIM* INTRODUCTION As societies transform from a predominantly traditional to a predominantly modern system, they tend to experience considerable demographic changes.

Socio-economic Development, Population Policies, and Fertility Decline in Muslim Countries. Islam is one of the world’s major monotheistic religions.

Its followers, spread all over the world and numbering about billion people, constitute about one-fourth of the world’s : Mehtab S Karim. The decline of fertility in Europe Book. January we show that especially socio‐economic factors were associated to the diffusion.

But an unchecked decline in its fertility rate would leave Turkey with an ageing population – a problem that many countries in Europe face. “Turkey is never going to have a population of million people,” said Prof Ahmet Içduygu, a sociologist from Koç University.

For one thing, it is temporary because low fertility will eventually increase the proportion of another dependent group—the population made up of older people who are no longer working. The intensity of the age- structure effect depends on the speed with which the transition to low fertility takes Size: KB.

It is an established fact that fertility is determined by biological factors, both economic and non-economic. Empirical studies often assume that the impact of changes in socio-economic conditions on fertility rates is similar across different age-cohorts of female population in the reproductive age-group.

In order to examine the impact ofFile Size: KB. The causes of Thailand’s economic success and its rapid fertility decline have been investigated and discussed elsewhere and are not the point of this article (Knodel, et al., ).

Instead the article examines the socio-economic consequences for Thailand of past, present and future declines in fertility.

The driving force of fertility decline is socio-economic development, in particular, decline in *Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat. According to Becker and Lewis (), decline of human fertility can be explained by a trade- off relationship between the quantity and the quality of children.

In other words, there is a negative correlation between the number (or quantity) of children and File Size: KB. fertility regulation. In a study of fertility decline in Turkey, Angin and Shorter () showed that the fertility decline in Turkey was due to changes in structural conditions, not the improvement of women's status.

Use of contraceptives was not an indicator of men's or women's power. To use contraceptives, women relied on men and were very. Abstract. In recent years the People’s Republic of China has experienced a pronounced and rapid fertility decline; the total fertility rate has fallen from in to in (Chen ), a rather dramatic reduction in but eleven by: 6.

Introduction. Countries across the world have experienced a steady and continuous decline in the fertility rate (e.g., Van de Kaa, ).The decline in fertility has been evident in both high-fertility regimes as well as low-fertility regimes during – (Strulik & Vollmer, ).For example, Central and Eastern European countries experienced a rapid decline in fertility Cited by: 5.

and fertility, by specifying the reward structures associated with childbearing (see also Hernandez, ). With respect to fertility change in China, Tien observed that among those subareas experiencing the greatest fertility decline, "profound changes in socio-economic structure may have occurred at the same time" ().

Downloadable. Islam is one of the world’s major monotheistic religions. Its followers, spread all over the world and numbering about billion people, constitute about one-fourth of the world’s population. The Economist (). Muslims are mainly concentrated in about 50 countries, most of which have had slow pace of fertility transition, mainly due to low level of socio-economic.

Summary and conclusion Fertility level in Peninsular Malaysia is declining fast The mean number of children ever born (CEB) for all ever- married women has dropped from children in to children inchildren in and continued to.

Moe, Karine S. () Fertility, time use, and economic development. Review of Economic Dynamics 1, – National Academy of Sciences, Office of the Foreign Secretary () Rapid Population Growth: Consequences and Policy by:   Of them, fertility is a principal component of population dynamics that total fertility rate (TFR) is a common indicator for it.

TFR is the average number of live births a woman would have throughout her life. In the case of TFRdecline in the population of countries could occur. TFR has experienced many changes in recent by: 1. Socio-economic development and fertility decline in Turkey: background paper prepared for the project on socio-economic development and fertility decline by Melek Düzgüneş (Book) 2 editions published in in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.

reduce fertility by means of family planning programmes. However, the recent decline in fertility rates in the eastern Terai has little to do with family planning programmes, which were introduced to the region only quite recently. Rather the decline in fertility is primarily the result of a steady rise in the marriage age of women.

Taken as a whole, the socioeconomic patterns in fertility in Utah seem to be well in line with standard economic explanations of fertility change, focusing on demand the for children and its relationship to education, labor market and old age security.

The model assumes that socioeconomic development of a country is a precondition for further mortality and fertility decline. The application of the model to any empirical situation calls for the determination of the indicators of the output variable (fertility) and other explanatory factors such as socioeconomic development, modernization, and health by: 3.

discussed. However, due to the lack of data for most of the demographic, socio-economic and health characteristics for a few countries with smaller population (e.g. Gaza, Mayotte and West Sahara), where Muslims constitute over 98 percent of the population, have been excluded.

growth on health and other socio-economic development. In the absence of relevant text and reference books that are specifically prepared for undergraduate students of health sciences, the lecture notes help to maintain standard of course contents among the different health sciences training institutions and alleviate the scarcity of text Size: KB.

Using fixed effects econometric model we confirm that introduction of the Federal Law positively influenced Russian total fertility rate.

The policy impact is small in size and unlikely to induce the population to fully reproduce itself. Several other socio-economic and demographic variables have been included in the model as the control by: 3.

Many researchers are argued that India is not a model of social development but many states, in India, are showing progressive picture in terms of fertility decline.

Its progress owes to the improvement of female literacy and decline infant mortality and as well as other socio-economic indicators are not neglected so far. economic development was achieved, but economic development accelerated below TFR of 3.

If economic development were a major contributor to fertility decline, one would expect convex curves. Non-family planning countries typically followed a roughly parallel course, achieving little economic development while fertility remained high.

manner. Substantial socio- economic development does not appear to have been a necessary pre-condition for the onset of fertility decline.

Given the pervasive poverty that exists in Bangla- desh, however, it is unlikely that recent progress can even be maintained without sub- stantial new commitments from the international donor community. The case of Turkey provides an interesting case study because the policy intervention oc-curred at a later transition stage when the pace of fertility decline had slowed (starting from the early s), which makes further reductions in fertility more difficult to achieve.

Sec-Cited by: 7. A United Nations report in came to the conclusion that sharp declines in fertility rates in India, Nigeria, and Mexico occurred despite low levels of economic development. Every country could differ in their respective relationship between income and fertility.

speaking women who don’t know Turkish constitutes the laggards in the fertility transition. A combination of individual socioeconomic and socio-cultural factors is necessary but not sufficient to explain the fertility decline process and differential fertility behavior between the two mother tongue groups in Turkey.

The study.Abstract. Concerns over the prospects of explosive demographic growth led to concerted efforts to engineer fertility reductions in the developing world, while skeptics argued that economic development was the best way to hasten fertility by: •China’ rapid fertility decline accompanied by sharp rise in sex selection to have boys •Sex ratio at birth around boys per girl, * •So in future, sharp rise in percent of men: –unable to marry –aging without support of wives and children * .